Global warming: Facing confirmation bias and cognitive dissonance with hands-on activities

Leontýna Šlégrová, Jan Šlégr, Filip Studnička

Abstract


Although global warming is an irrefutable scientific fact, many people, including those who often call themselves skeptics and critical thinkers, are doubtful about this unambiguous fact. An extensive longitudinal survey amongst the students showed that even future teachers are not resistant to these misconceptions, even if they are presented with the conclusions of the scientific studies.In this paper, we show simple hands-on classroom activities in which publicly available climate data are studied with methods previously known to students, and simple atmospheric models are presented. These simple exercises can help future teachers to establish their own opinion on global warming based on the analysis of data and physical models and not on information from obscure websites and social networks.

Keywords


global warming, hands-on activities, cognitive bias

Full Text:

PDF

References


BOYD, Robert, ‎RICHERSON, Peter J. The evolution of subjective commitment to groups: A tribal instincts hypothesis. In: Evolution and the Capacity for Commitment 3 (2001): 186-220.

Climate Sensitivity. (2013). Retrieved March 18, 2020, from https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/climatescience/atmosphericwarming/climatsensitivity.html

COOK, John et al. Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature. In Environ. Res. Lett. 8 (2013) 024024 (7pp). DOI:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024024

FESTINGERF, Leon; Carlsmith, James M. Cognitive consequences of forced compliance. In The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology,58(2), Mar 1959, 203–210.

GALLUP, Inc. (2015, March 25). In U.S., Concern About Environmental Threats Eases. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://news.gallup.com/poll/182105/concern-environmental-threats-eases.aspx

GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (n.d.). Retrieved March 18, 2020, from https://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/.

Global Climate Scam. (2017). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from http://www.globalclimatescam.com/

HANSEN, J. (2005). Earths Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications. In Science, 308(5727), 1431–1435. doi:10.1126/science.1110252

JEFFREY, Grant, R.: The Global-Warming Deception: How a Secret Elite Plans to Bankrupt America and Steal Your Freedom. Retrieved March 18, 2018, from https://www.amazon.com/Global-Warming-Deception-Bankrupt-America-Freedom/.

KOŻUCHOWSKI, K., TREPIŃASKA, J., WIBIG, J. (1994). The air temperature in Cracow from 1826 to 1990: Persistence, fluctuations and the urban effect. In International Journal of Climatology, 14(9), 1035–1049. DOI:10.1002/joc.3370140908

MACKAY, Charles (1841). Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds. I (1 ed.). London: Richard Bentley.

MILLER, Ron R et al. CMIP5 historical simulations (1850–2012) with GISS ModelE2 https://pubs.giss.nasa.gov/abs/mi08910y.html.

Psychology and Global Climate Change: Addressing a Multi-faceted Phenomenon and Set of Challenges (Report of the American Psychological Association Task Force on the Interface Between Psychology and Global Climate Change, 2009)

Radiative Forcing. (2015). Retrieved March 18, 2020, from https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/climatescience/atmosphericwarming/radiativeforcing.html

ROSTON, E., MIGLIOZZI, B. (2015, June 24). What’s Really Warming the World? Retrieved March 18, 2020, from https://www.bloomberg.com/graphics/2015-whats-warming-the-world/.

SAGAN, Carl (1995). The Demon-Haunted World: Science As a Candle in the Dark. Random House. ISBN 0-394-53512-X.

SPECHT, E., REDEMANN, T., LORENZ, N. (2016). Simplified mathematical model for calculating global warming through anthropogenic CO_2. In International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 102, 1–8. doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2015.10.039

The world is getting warmer. (2019). Retrieved March 18, 2020, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/climate-change/

Welcome to Energy Balance Modeling! The Shodor Education Foundation, Inc,

Retrieved March 18, 2020, from http://www.shodor.org/master/environmental/general/energy/application.html

WILLIAMS, William F., ed. (2000). Encyclopedia of Pseudoscience. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 9781579582074.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31098/ijrse.v2i2.420

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 42 times
PDF : 19 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Leontýna Šlégrová, Jan Šlégr, Filip Studnička

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

PUBLISHED BY:

RESEARCH SYNERGY FOUNDATION & FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION UNIVERSITAS TERBUKA INDONESIA

International Journal of Research in STEM Education (IJRSE)

Mailing Address: 
Research Synergy Foundation
Jalan Nyaman no 31 
Komplek Sinergi Antapani 
Bandung 40291 - Indonesia. 

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education Universitas Terbuka Indonesia 
Jl. Pd. Cabe Raya, Pd. Cabe Udik, 
Kec. Pamulang, Kota Tangerang Selatan, 
Banten 15418. 
Phone: (021) 7490941. 

Email:ijrse@journals.rsfpress.com

 

The International Journal of Research in STEM Education (IJRSE) is indexed by:
 
   
 
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.